The Ferrari 512 is a two-door coupé that premiered at the 1984 Paris Auto Show. All versions of the 512 had the power fed through the wheels from a rear-mounted, five-speed manual transmission. The rear mid-engine, rear-wheel drive layout (engine between the axles but behind the cabin) keeps the centre of gravity in the middle of the car, which increases stability and improves the car’s cornering ability, and thus results in a standing weight distribution of 40% front: 60% rear. The original Testarossa was re-engineered for 1992 and released as the 512 TR, at the Los Angeles Auto Show, effectively as a completely new car, and an improved weight distribution of 41% front: 59% rear.
The F512 M was introduced at the 1994 Paris Auto Show. The car dropped the TR initials and added the M which in Italian stood for modificata, or translated to modified, and was the final version of the 512, and continued its predecessor’s weight distribution improvement of 42% front: 58% rear. The F512 M was Ferrari’s last mid-engine 12-cylinder car, apart from the F50, Ferrari Enzo and LaFerrari, featuring the company’s last flat engine.